Objective To compare hypertensive patients with and without chronic kidney disease and identify factors associated with their clinical condition and antihypertensive treatment. Method This was a cross-sectional study conducted with patients hospitalized in a general medical ward at a university hospital in the city of S?o Paulo, Brazil. Data were collected from medical records. Significance was set at p<0.05. Results Of the 386 patients studied, 59.3% presented hypertension and, of these, 37.5% presented chronic kidney disease. The data showed an independent association between chronic kidney disease and prior history of diabetes (OR 1.86; CI 1.02-3.41), congestive heart failure (OR 3.42; CI 1.36-9.03) and living with a partner (OR 1.99; CI 1.09-3.69). Regarding antihypertensive treatment, there was a difference (p<0.05) between hypertensive patients with and without chronic kidney disease in terms of administering healthcare treatment (93.2% versus 77.7%); ongoing use of antihypertensive drugs, (79.1% versus 66.4%); higher number of antihypertensive drugs; the use of beta-adrenergic blockers (34.9%versus 19.6%), calcium channel blockers (29.1%versus 11.2%), loop diuretics (30.2%versus 10.5%) and vasodilators (9.3%versus 2.1%). Conclusion The hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease presented a more compromised clinical profile; however, the attitudes of these patients toward antihypertensive treatment were more positive than those without chronic kidney disease.